IB English Lang Lit Paper 1: Secrets to 7 with TAPAC and PEEL Approach

IB English Lang Lit Paper 1: Secrets to 7 with TAPAC and PEEL Approach

As an IB English tutor , I'd like to share some essential tips for excelling in your Individual Oral (IO), a critical component of the IB Language and Literature course. The IO assesses your analytical skills and your ability to engage with literature and non-literary texts in relation to global issues. Here's a guide to help you prepare effectively:

Choosing Your Topic and Texts: Begin by selecting a global issue that you are passionate about and can manageably explore in a 10-minute oral presentation. Choose a literary work and a non-literary text that connect to this issue. Develop a guiding question to frame your analysis.

Extracts and Annotations: Select pertinent extracts from your chosen texts. Print them out for in-depth annotation, focusing on the author's choices and their effects in relation to your global issue. If your extracts are lengthy, condense them to essential parts.

Connection to the Whole Work: On a separate sheet or on the back of your annotations, jot down examples, evidence, and connections to the entire literary work and non-literary body of work. These connections are vital for a comprehensive understanding.

Organizing Your Thoughts: Create an unofficial outline for your IO to organize your arguments and thoughts logically. This outline should not be rigid but should guide your presentation flow.

Rehearsal and Self-Assessment: Practice your IO, recording it if possible, to get used to the format and timing. Be critical in your self-assessment and identify areas for improvement. Avoid seeking external feedback at this stage, as the focus should be on your own understanding and delivery.

Official Outline and Dress Rehearsal: Prepare your official IB outline, adhering to the guidelines of a maximum of 10 bullet points and 300 words. Conduct a second rehearsal, this time more formally, using only your official outline and clean extracts.

Final Preparations: Do not memorize your presentation but know it well. Practice regularly, watching your speed to ensure clarity and comprehension.

Delivery: On the day of your IO, present confidently to your teacher. Remember, the IO is an opportunity to showcase your understanding, analytical skills, and passion for literature and global issues.

Remember, the key to a successful IO is thorough preparation, understanding of your texts and global issue, and clear, confident delivery. Good luck!

Applying TAPAC to IB English Paper 1 texts

Modern non-literary texts, such as opinion articles, blogs, and speeches, require a slightly different approach with TAPAC:

Text Type:

  • Example: Analyze a blog post discussing environmental issues.

  • Tip: Identify the informal structure typical to blogs, like conversational tone or personal anecdotes.


  • Example: Explore the background of the environmental blogger, considering their expertise and influence.

  • Tip: Understand how the author’s background may shape their perspective on environmental issues.


  • Example: The blog aims to raise awareness and encourage action on climate change.

  • Tip: Look for the author’s intent, whether to inform, persuade, or call to action.


  • Example: The intended audience might be environmentally conscious readers or the general public.

  • Tip: Analyze how the language is tailored to engage this specific audience.


  • Example: Consider the current global environmental situation and public discourse on climate change.

  • Tip: Contextualize the text within contemporary societal and global issues.

PEEL in Analyzing Language Features

The PEEL method becomes particularly effective when dissecting the language features of non-literary texts. Use the examples below to practice writing a few body paragraphs. To perfect your Paper 1 and get the most out of every single quote, our IB English tutoring can help you nail down level 7 PEEL strategies.


  • Example: "The author employs a persuasive tone to advocate for environmental action."

  • Tip: Each paragraph should focus on a specific language feature.


  • Example: Quote phrases that demonstrate the persuasive tone, like rhetorical questions or emotive language.

  • Tip: Choose evidence that highlights the use of tone, diction, or syntax.


  • Example: Discuss how the use of persuasive language, like emotional appeal, aims to motivate the reader.

  • Tip: Explore the effect of language choices on the reader’s understanding and reaction.


  • Example: Relate the persuasive tone to the blog’s broader purpose of influencing readers’ perceptions of environmental issues.

  • Tip: Conclude with how the language feature enhances the text’s overall impact or purpose.


In IB English Language and Literature Paper 1, the TAPAC and PEEL methods are invaluable tools for analyzing modern non-literary texts. Paying close attention to tone, diction, and syntax helps uncover deeper meanings and intentions behind these texts. Through practice and attention to these language features, you can develop insightful and compelling analyses.